What is haptic interaction?
haptic. (Adjective Grk: haptein) having to do with the sense of touch; tactile
haptics = touch, tactile, force-feedback, using force/resistance, texture, heat, vibration
"Force display technology works by using mechanical actuators to apply forces to the user. By simulating the physics of the users virtual world, we can compute these forces in real-time, and then send them to the actuators so that the user feels them."
Minsky, in Blattner and Dannenberg, 1992.
Why is it going to be important?
Bill Buxton "hands on = finger on"Potential Benefits
we arent exploiting the interface to keep up with computing power
more 3D and VR environments in games and elsewhere
demand for richer input and output possibilities
reduction in fatigue
increase in productivity and comfort
decreased learning times
large reductions in manipulation errors
What sorts of products are being produced?
the Phantom haptic interaction deviceWhat application areas are best suited to haptic input?
magnetic levitation interaction devices
the Freedom 7
medicine, for training, surgical simulation
other risky/specialised areas, e.g. astronauts, mechanics
education about complex objects, e.g. chemistry
creative 3D work, e.g. modelling, product design
interaction for disabled
interaction in 3D and VR
Haptic Community Website, an on-line resource for researchers in haptic interaction
The Image Gallery section of the Haptic Community Website. Very interesting
WYSIWYF work at Carnegie Mellon. Excellent, clear description with video demos
Sensable leading product designers and developers in haptic hardware, software and applications. Makers of Phantom.
Another leading haptics manufacturer interesting and easy to use site
Bill Buxtons embyonic directory of every
input device known to mankind